Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment Options


Insomnia is generally classified as a sleep disorder. People with insomnia have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Insomnia can lead to people having low energy, being irritable, or even getting depressed. People with insomnia often have trouble focusing and learning. Insomnia can occur for a short period of time, a few weeks, or in more serious cases, a few months. There are three main types of insomnia; acute, chronic, and transient. Acute insomnia is when you cannot sleep well for a small period of time. Chronic insomnia is when you have been suffering for over a month. Transient insomnia is when you only have symptoms for a day or two.

Causes of Insomnia

There are many conditions that can cause insomnia. Some examples of medical conditions that can cause insomnia are allergies, arthritis, asthma, back pain, and gastrointestinal problems. Different medications can cause insomnia as well.

Insomnia can be caused by a number of different sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome. Sleep apnea can also cause insomnia. Depression is a major cause of insomnia. Depression can cause mood swings, along with shifts in hormones and physiology. Depression also causes people to have low energy, lose motivation, or feel sad, which can also cause someone to have trouble sleeping. Anxiety and tension can also cause insomnia.

Lifestyle choices can also cause insomnia. If you are working during the evening, that can make it difficult to unwind after a long day. You may also be preoccupied during sleep hours. If you take naps during the afternoon, that can make it difficult to settle down during the night. Sleeping in can negatively affect your body’s clock and make it very difficult for you to go back to sleep.

Symptoms of Insomnia

There are a number of symptoms that can cause insomnia, so please pay attention to some early warning signs. Some common symptoms of insomnia include difficulty falling asleep, waking up too early in the morning, difficulty concentrating, and behavior problems. The problem could be that your sleep schedule does not match up with your biological clock. Researchers now believe that insomniac could be a result of your brain constantly staying awake. Our brains have sleep cycles and wake cycles. Insomnia occurs when your brain is either too awake or has too little sleep drive.

Treatment For Insomnia

If insomnia has become a frequent occurrence, then you must seek treatment. Common methods of treatment for insomnia include relaxation training, stimulus control, and cognitive behavioral therapy. Relaxation training teaches people to tense and relax muscles in areas of their body, which makes it easier to fall asleep. Stimulus control helps limit the activities allowed in the bedroom. Stimulus control helps break an association with the bedroom and wakefulness. CBT helps analyze unhealthy beliefs and fears involving sleep, and changes that to rational thinking. One example of someone trying Cognitive behavioral therapy would be for them to eliminate their afternoon nap for a week or two and then judge the effects of that.